Writing data

Learning Objective

  • To be able to write out plots and data from R

Table of Contents

Saving plots

You have already seen how to save the most recent plot you create in ggplot2, using the command ggsave. As a refresher:


You can save a plot from within RStudio using the 'Export' button in the 'Plot' window. This will give you the option of saving as a .pdf or as .png, .jpg or other image formats.

Sometimes you will want to save plots without creating them in the 'Plot' window first. Perhaps you want to make a pdf document with multiple pages: each one a different plot, for example. Or perhaps you're looping through multiple subsets of a file, plotting data from each subset, and you want to save each plot, but obviously can't stop the loop to click 'Export' for each one.

In this case you can use a more flexible approach. The function pdf creates a new pdf device. You can control the size and resolution using the arguments to this function.

pdf("SibSp_vs_Age.pdf", width=12, height=4)
ggplot(data=titanic, aes(x=Age, y=Fare, colour=Survived)) +

# You then have to make sure to turn off the pdf device!


Open up this document and have a look.

Challenge 1

Rewrite your 'pdf' command to print a second page in the pdf, showing a facet plot (hint: use facet_grid) of the same data with one panel per sex.

The commands jpeg, png etc. are used similarly to produce documents in different formats.

Writing data

At some point, you'll also want to write out data from R.

We can use the write.table function for this, which is very similar to read.table or read.csv from before.

Let's create a data-cleaning script. For this analysis, we only want to focus on the titanic data for males with first class tickets:

titanic_subset <- titanic[titanic$Sex == "male" & 
                                  titanic$Pclass == 1,]


Now let's have a look at the data. Provided data files aren't very large, this can be achieved easily in R by simply opening the file from the file explorer.

Hmm, that's not quite what we wanted. Where did all these quotation marks come from? Also the row numbers are meaningless.

Let's look at the help file to work out how to change this behaviour.


By default R will wrap character vectors with quotation marks when writing out to file. It will also write out the row and column names.

Let's fix this:

  sep=",", quote=FALSE, row.names=FALSE

Now lets look at the data again.

That looks better!

Challenge 2

Write a data-cleaning script file that subsets the titanic data to include only data for children (below the age of 18).

Use this script to write out the new subset to a file in the data/ directory.

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